Springer

  • Relative entropy has played a significant role in various fields of mathematics and physics as the quantum version of the Kullback-Leibler divergence in classical theory. Many variations of relative entropy have been introduced so far with applications to quantum information and related subjects. Typical examples are three different classes, called the standard, the maximal, and the measured f-divergences, all of which are defined in terms of (operator) convex functions f on (0,8) and have respective mathematical and information theoretical backgrounds. The a-Rényi relative entropy and its new version called the sandwiched a-Rényi relative entropy have also been useful in recent developments of quantum information.
    In the first half of this monograph, the different types of quantum f-divergences and the Rényi-type divergences mentioned above in the general von Neumann algebra setting are presented for study. While quantum information has been developing mostly in the finite-dimensional setting, it is widely believed that von Neumann algebras provide the most suitable framework in studying quantum information and related subjects. Thus, the advance of quantum divergences in von Neumann algebras will be beneficial for further development of quantum information. 
    Quantum divergences are functions of two states (or more generally, two positive linear functionals) on a quantum system and measure the difference between the two states. They are often utilized to address such problems as state discrimination, error correction, and reversibility of quantum operations. In the second half of the monograph, the reversibility/sufficiency theory for quantum operations (quantum channels) between von Neumann algebras via quantum f-divergences is explained, thus extending and strengthening Petz' previous work.
    For the convenience of the reader, an appendix including concise accounts of von Neumann algebras is provided.

  • This monograph focuses on the mathematical and numerical analysis of simplicial partitions and the finite element method. This active area of research has become an essential part of physics and engineering, for example in the study of problems involving heat conduction, linear elasticity, semiconductors, Maxwell's equations, Einstein's equations and magnetic and gravitational fields.
    These problems require the simulation of various phenomena and physical fields over complicated structures in three (and higher) dimensions. Since not all structures can be decomposed into simpler objects like d-dimensional rectangular blocks, simplicial partitions are important. In this book an emphasis is placed on angle conditions guaranteeing the convergence of the finite element method for elliptic PDEs with given boundary conditions. 
    It is aimed at a general mathematical audience who is assumed to be familiar with only a few basic results from linear algebra, geometry, and mathematical and numerical analysis. 

  • The package of Gromov's pseudo-holomorphic curves is a major tool in global symplectic geometry and its applications, including mirror symmetry and Hamiltonian dynamics. The Kuranishi structure was introduced by two of the authors of the present volume in the mid-1990s to apply this machinery on general symplectic manifolds without assuming any specific restrictions. It was further amplified by this book's authors in their monograph Lagrangian Intersection Floer Theory and in many other publications of theirs and others. Answering popular demand, the authors now present the current book, in which they provide a detailed, self-contained explanation of the theory of Kuranishi structures.
    Part I discusses the theory on a single space equipped with Kuranishi structure, called a K-space, and its relevant basic package. First, the definition of a K-space and maps to the standard manifold are provided. Definitions are given for fiber products, differential forms, partitions of unity, and the notion of CF-perturbations on the K-space. Then, using CF-perturbations, the authors define the integration on K-space and the push-forward of differential forms, and generalize Stokes' formula and Fubini's theorem in this framework. Also, "virtual fundamental class" is defined, and its cobordism invariance is proved.
    Part II discusses the (compatible) system of K-spaces and the process of going from "geometry" to "homological algebra". Thorough explanations of the extension of given perturbations on the boundary to the interior are presented. Also explained is the process of taking the "homotopy limit" needed to handle a system of infinitely many moduli spaces. Having in mind the future application of these chain level constructions beyond those already known, an axiomatic approach is taken by listing the properties of the system of the relevant moduli spaces and then a self-contained account of the construction of the associated algebraic structures is given. This axiomatic approach makes the exposition contained here independent of previously published construction of relevant structures. 

  • Environmental chemistry is a fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. Chapters review analysis and remediation of pollutants such as greenhouse gases, chiral pharmaceuticals, dyes, chlorinated organics, arsenic, toxic metals and pathogen in air, water, plant and soil. Several highlights include the overlooked impact of air pollutants from buildings for health risk, innovative remediation techniques such as bioreactors for gas treatment, electrochemical cleaning of pharmaceuticals, sequestration on Fe-Mn nodules, phytoremediation and photocatalytical inactivation of microbial pathogens. This book will be a valuable source of information for engineers and students developing novel applied techniques to monitor and clean pollutants in air, wastewater, soils and sediments. 

  • This book offers a wide-ranging and up-to-date overview of the basic science underlying PET and
    its preclinical and clinical applications in modern medicine. In addition, it provides the reader with a sound understanding of the scientific principles and use of PET in routine practice and biomedical imaging research. The opening sections address the fundamental physics, radiation safety, CT scanning dosimetry, and dosimetry of PET radiotracers, chemistry and regulation of PET radiopharmaceuticals, with information on labeling strategies, tracer quality control, and regulation of radiopharmaceutical production in Europe and the United States. PET physics and instrumentation are then discussed, covering the basic principles of PET and PET scanning systems, hybrid PET/CT and PET/MR imaging, system calibration, acceptance testing, and quality control. Subsequent sections focus on image reconstruction, processing, and quantitation in PET and hybrid PET and on imaging artifacts and correction techniques, with particular attention to partial volume correction and motion artifacts. The book closes by examining clinical applications of PET and hybrid PET and their physiological and/or molecular basis in conjunction with technical foundations in the disciplines of oncology, cardiology and neurology, PET in pediatric malignancy and its role in radiotherapy treatment planning. Basic Science of PET Imaging will meet the needs of nuclear medicine practitioners, other radiology specialists, and trainees in these fields.

  • This book provides a  concise introduction to convex duality in financial mathematics. Convex duality plays an essential role in dealing with financial problems and involves maximizing concave utility functions and minimizing convex risk measures. Recently, convex and generalized convex dualities have shown to be crucial in the process of the dynamic hedging of contingent claims. Common underlying principles and connections between different perspectives are developed; results are illustrated through graphs and explained heuristically. This book can be used as a reference and is aimed toward graduate students, researchers and practitioners in mathematics, finance, economics, and optimization. Topics include: Markowitz portfolio theory, growth portfolio theory, fundamental theorem of asset pricing emphasizing the duality between utility optimization and pricing by martingale measures, risk measures and its dual representation, hedging and super-hedging and its relationship with linear programming duality and the duality relationship in dynamic hedging of contingent claims

  • Biomedical Signal Processing Nouv.

    This book provides an interdisciplinary look at emerging trends in signal processing and biomedicine found at the intersection of healthcare, engineering, and computer science. It examines the vital role signal processing plays in enabling a new generation of technology based on big data, and looks at applications ranging from medical electronics to data mining of electronic medical records. Topics covered include analysis of medical images, machine learning, biomedical nanosensors, wireless technologies, and instrumentation and electrical stimulation. Biomedical Signal Processing: Innovation and Applications presents tutorials and examples of successful applications, and will appeal to a wide range of professionals, researchers, and students interested in applications of signal processing, medicine, and biology.

  • This is a comprehensive work summarizing the current state of knowledge of the biology of the hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of Southern Africa (South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho and Maputo Province, Mozambique). It provides an overview of the history of tick research in Southern Africa and the evolution of our knowledge of the ticks' distribution and biology, as well as the methods used to determine tick distribution, abundance and host preference. The morphologies of most of the tick species known to occur in Southern Africa are described and illustrated, and their distributions are described and mapped in relation to the biomes of the region. The known hosts for each tick species are listed, and the tick's host preferences are discussed. Information on most species life cycle in the laboratory and the field, and their seasonal occurrence, is summarized. The diseases of animals and humans transmitted or caused by each tick species are summarized in relation to tick ecology. Aspects of the biology of the major hosts relevant to tick infestations are described, and extensive tick/host and host/tick lists are provided for each country

  • This atlas is unique in comparing the two disciplines of dental implant surgery and tooth-preserving surgery with respect to common procedures, problems, and failures and in providing excellent guidance on the prevention and management of complications. The etiology of a wide variety of implant-related and non-implant-related complications and failures is carefully explained. Since many complications have their roots in oral and periodontal surgical maneuvers, these maneuvers are themselves discussed and extensively illustrated. The most frequently used tooth preservation procedures are also fully described, with emphasis on correct surgical technique as a means to avoid complications. The use of these procedures is constantly weighed against the effects of tooth removal and insertion of dental implants. The text is complemented by the inclusion of a substantial number of helpful references. While the atlas is intended primarily for dentists involved in outpatient implant dentistry and oral surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgeons will also find the descriptions of innovative techniques or maneuvers to be of interest, including those relating to the selection of incision and flap design and the sinus floor elevation techniques.

  • This book presents a geographical survey of the Netherlands, reviewing recent and historic developments that made the nation. It is a relatively wealthy country and the Dutch belong to the happiest and healthiest on earth. But these qualities are not evenly spread over the country. The urban agglomeration of Randstad Holland in the west hosts most of the nation's capital and young, well-educated people whereas older and less-educated people are concentrated in the peripheral areas in the north, east and south. Interactions between physical and human geographical aspects of the Netherlands are described quite extensively. Its position on one of Europe's most prominent deltas, its abundance of energy resources and the course of history have all contributed to its present national position and international networks. But early and recent Dutch have also shaped this country. They reclaimed lakes and shallow seas, protected the lowlands against floods, re-allotted land parcels and designed and developed urban areas. Besides its focus on water-related topics, the book also covers social and cultural aspects. The book also discusses future challenges and offers scenarios for solutions. This is a book for those interested in a wide variety of recent aspects of the geography of the Netherlands described in a historical context. It appeals to students and researchers of many disciplines in geography, urban and landscape planning, water management, history and cultural studies. 

  • This book outlines, from a surgeon's standpoint, how physicians and mid-level providers working at wound care centres can expeditiously and effectively manage wounds. It comprehensively addresses the concept of wound healing, from the healing process to debridement concepts, and various antiseptics and local antibiotics used in dressing materials to facilitate healing. The book also discusses the latest inventions and treatment options that have revolutionized wound healing, such as: oxygen therapy, ozone therapy, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, electric therapy and ultrasonic wound therapy. In closing, it examines the latest regenerative therapies based on stem cell therapy, cellular therapy and gene therapy. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for medical students and physicians dealing with wound management, as well as a reference guide for nurses in primary and tertiary wound care settings.

  • Dieses Buch vermittelt die Grundlagen der Diagnostik von Gleichgewichtsstrungen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der thermischen Videonystagmographie. Es werden zunächst die anatomischen und physiologischen Grundlagen des Vestibularsystems sowie die Anamnese und klinischen Untersuchungen und anschließend die apparativen diagnostischen Mglichkeiten zusammengefasst. Die Darstellung des Vorgehens bei der Diagnostik der einzelnen Krankheitsbilder ist sehr praxisnah gehalten. Das Buch beseitigt viele Unsicherheiten in der Diagnose der zugrundeliegenden Ursachen von Gleichgewichtsstrungen, die es nach wie vor gibt. Für HNO-Ärzte, Hausärzte und Neurologen in Klinik und Praxis.

  • This proceedings volume focuses on the importance and power of spatial thinking and planning, especially by applying geospatial technologies in solving the past and current global problems such as environmental degradation, urban pollution, climate change, agricultural management and epidemiology.The proceedings of the International Conference on Geography and Geoinformatics for Sustainable Development 2018 (ICGGS 2018) consist of a wide range of case studies from developing countries. 
    The contributions address challenges of developing countries in mainstreaming sustainable development paradigm into their economy with the aim to improve and manage natural resources and environment in a sustainable manner. 
    One of the main goals of the conference and the proceedings is to share and exchange different perspectives on global, regional and local spatial issues and how the concept of spatial planning and thinking can be used in building resilience to natural and anthropogenic threats in many sectors (such as water, ecosystem, agriculture and health). This includes a summary of how the key concepts of geospatial technologies could contribute to environmental sustainability and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as well as an outlook on challenges and opportunities for sustainable development. This book explains how geoinformatics can help analyse, model and explain sustainable development within a geographic context and thus provide the integrative framework necessary for global collaboration consensus and evidence-based decision-making. It highlights the vital and integrative role of geospatial information in driving sustainable development and thus can be used as a tool to put the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development into practice. 
    This volume can be a useful resource for readers regarding research on geospatial issues on both the regional and local scale. Both undergraduate and graduate students around the globe can advance their academic and research knowledge of past and present environmental problems and learn how geospatial planning can be applied for sustainable development. It also appeals to researchers, academics, practitioners, community developers and policy makers interested in promoting sustainable development. 

  • Dieses Fachbuch bietet einen sehr praxisorientierten Überblick über die unterschiedlichen Werkzeuge der Strategieentwicklung und deren Anwendung. Die logische Abfolge der einzelnen Schritte der Strategieentwicklung und der Strategieüberprüfung steht hierbei im Mittelpunkt. Wolfgang Harburger stellt bekannte Strategiekonzepte vor und bewertet diese im Hinblick auf ihre Anwendbarkeit in der unternehmerischen Praxis. Anhand von vielen anschaulichen Beispielen belegt er, wie wichtig eine systematische Auseinandersetzung mit einer geeigneten Unternehmensstrategie für die Entwicklung nachhaltiger Unternehmenswerte und langfristigen Kundennutzen ist. Dabei plädiert der Autor für logisch erschließbare Geschäftsbereichsstrategien, nachvollziehbare Zusammenhänge und konsequente selbstkritische Wirksamkeitskontrolle. Die richtige Balance zwischen den Zukunftskonzepten des Strategischen Managements und den Bedürfnissen des Operativen Managements, das direkt auf finanzielle Erträge ausgerichtet ist, spielt dabei eine entscheidende Rolle.

  • Vertriebsmitarbeiter der Finanzdienstleistungsbranche müssen Kunden schwer greifbare Produkte erklären, sich ständig ändernden Rahmenbedingungen anpassen und einem allgemeinen Vertrauensverlust entgegentreten. In keiner Branche ist die Kluft zwischen erfolgreichen und weniger erfolgreichen Verkäufern so groß wie in dieser. Doch wie von den Erfolgsrezepten der umsatzstarken Kollegen profitieren, die ihre magischen Fähigkeiten gewinnbringend einsetzen aber nur selten preisgeben?Ralf-Peter Prack und André Czerwionka lüften in diesem Buch die Zaubertricks der erfolgreichen Finanz-Vertriebler. Sie erläutern, mit welchem Selbstverständnis Verkaufsmagier ihren Kunden gegenübertreten, mit welchen Zutaten, Hilfsmitteln und Zaubersprüchen sie Kunden im Verkaufsgespräch zu einer bedarfsorientierten Kaufentscheidung führen und erfolgreich Verträge abschließen. Tipps für zielführendes Cross-Selling zeigen den Weg zur Knnerschaft des Meistermagiers zum Topverkäufer.In der 2. Auflage wurden die aktuellen Gesetzesänderungen eingearbeitet und um den GDV-Verhaltenskodex sowie die Weiterbildungsinitiative gut Beraten ergänzt. Daneben wurden neu entwickelte Rezepturen verzaubernde Verkaufsgespräche aufgenommen.

  • This book describes numerical simulations of collisions between asteroids, based on a unique numerical code developed by the author. The code accurately solves the elastic dynamic equations and describes the effects of fracture and friction, which makes it possible to investigate the shapes of impact outcomes produced by asteroid collisions and subsequent gravitational accumulation of fragments.
    The author parallelizes the code with high parallelization efficiency; accordingly, it can be used to conduct high-resolution simulations with the aid of supercomputers and clarify the shapes of small remnants produced through the catastrophic destruction of asteroids. The author demonstrates that flat asteroids can only be produced by impacts involving objects with similar mass and low velocity, which suggests that the flat asteroids in our solar system were created in the planet formation era and have kept their shapes until today. The author also shows that asteroid collisions under certain conditions can produce the extremely elongated shape of an interstellar minor body, 1I/`Oumuamua. In brief, the book offers a comprehensive investigation of asteroid impacts and shapes, making it a uniquely valuable resource.

  • This book comprises select peer-reviewed papers from the International Conference on Emerging Research in Civil, Aeronautical and Mechanical Engineering (ERCAM-2019). The contents focus on the latest research trends in engineering materials, mechanics, structures and systems. A wide variety of interesting problems in civil, aeronautical and mechanical engineering have been addressed in this book through various experimental, numerical and analytical methods. The topics covered also provide insight into the challenges prevailing in the aforementioned engineering domains and the potential solutions to address those. Given the contents, the book is a valuable resource for students as well as researchers.

  • Der seltsamste Mensch

    Graham Farmelo

    Der seltsamste Mensch ist der mit dem Costa-Buchpreis ausgezeichnete Bericht über Paul Dirac, den berühmten Physiker, der manchmal als der englische Einstein bezeichnet wird. Er war einer der führenden Pioniere der großen Revolution in der Wissenschaft des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts: der Quantenmechanik. Und er war 1933 der jüngste Theoretiker, der den Nobelpreis für Physik erhalten hatte. Dirac war seltsam wortkarg, nahm alles wrtlich und seine gehemmte Art zu kommunizieren und seine mangelnde Empathiefähigkeit wurden legendär. Während seiner erfolgreichsten Schaffensperiode bestanden seine Postkarten ins Elternhaus nur aus Berichten über das Wetter. Auf der Basis zuvor nicht entdeckter Unterlagen aus dem Familienarchiv verbindet Graham Farmelo eine kenntnisreiche Schilderung der wissenschaftlichen Leistungen mit einem einfühlsamen Portrait des Individuums Paul Dirac. Er zeigt einen Menschen, der trotz extremer sozialer Gehemmtheit fähig ist zur Liebe und zu treuer Freundschaft. Der seltsamste Mensch ist eine außerordentliche menschlich berührende Story ebenso wie ein fesselnder Bericht über eine der aufregendsten Zeiten der Wissenschaftsgeschichte. 

  • Dieses Buch bietet Sicherheit: Effiziente Diagnostik, verwertbare Ergebnisse, zuverlässige Bewertung. Fehlinterpretationen knnen zu aufwändiger Zusatzdiagnostik und Therapie führen und belasten unntig den Patienten.Für alle, die endokrinologische Funktionstests durchführen und bewerten: Endokrinologen, Diabetologen, Gynäkologen, Urologen, Andrologen, Pädiater, Internisten Alles, was wichtig istDie 175 wichtigsten Funktionstests und HormonparameterRadiologisches/nuklearmedizinisches Basiswissen für die DiagnostikGenotyp-Phänotyp-Beziehung für genetisch bedingte EndokrinopathienAusführliche Tabellen zu Normbereichen und verlässlichen Cut-off-Werten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Geschlecht, Alter, BMI, Pubertätsphasen, Zyklusphasen, akuten Erkrankungen, Medikamenten Detailiert und praxisrelevantIndikationen, Kontraindikationen, NebenwirkungenTestvorbereitung, RahmenbedingungenKonkrete Handlungsanleitungen zur TestdurchführungSichere Bewertung der ErgebnissePraxistipps und potentielle FallstrickeNEU u.aOsteodensitometrie mit BefundungsbeispielenScoring/Grading-Systeme in der Endokrinologie sowie zur Einteilung maligner endokriner TumoreTestverfahren für periphere und autonome Neuropathie-DiagnostikHormonmissbrauch/HormontoxikologieNach den Leitlinien der DGIM, DGE, DDG

  • Dieses Kitteltaschenbuch vermittelt prägnant und übersichtlich die wichtigsten Fakten für die erfolgreiche Therapie von Infektionen mit multiresistenten Erregern wie MRSA, VRE, MRGN und MDR-TB. Lesen Sie, welche Antibiotika bei welchen Infektionen greifen und wie sich Therapieversagen und Resistenzentwicklungen verhindern lassen. Das Werk wendet sich an alle Ärzte, die Patienten mit Infektionen durch multiresistente Erreger betreuen.Der InhaltDie wichtigsten Antibiotika bei Infektionen durchmultiresistente Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), wie   eitrige Weichteil- und Gewebsinfektionen, Bakteriämien, Endokarditiden, Osteomyelitis, septische Arthritis und ZNS-Infektionenmultiresistente gramnegative Erregern (MRGN)Vancomycin resistente Enterokokken (VRE) "multidrug resistent tuberculosis" (MDR-TB), wie der MDR/XDR-TBC oder XDR-TBPlus: Checkliste für das beste Vorgehen im Verdachtsfall und viele Praxistipps

  • Mit Sterben und Tod beschäftigt sich jeder Mensch im Laufe des Lebens, auch Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung. Diese Menschen haben jedoch besondere Bedürfnisse: Ihr Zugang und Wissensstand unterscheiden sich oft deutlich von denen anderer Menschen, und dies führt im Betreuungsalltag oft zu Unsicherheiten. Die Autorin skizziert die Todes- und Lebenskonzepte von Menschen mit geistiger Behinderung und stellt ein Schulungsprogramm für sie vor zu Lebensphasen, Palliativpflege, Sterben, Tod und Trauer. Mit methodischen Hinweisen und Praxistipps.

  • BREXIT

    Rudolf G. Adam

    This book offers a comprehensive political assessment of Brexit. Based on a historical review of the role of the United Kingdom in the European Union, the author, a former diplomat at the German embassy in London, presents well-founded insights into arguments in favor and against the Brexit deal and the status quo of the Brexit negotiations. Furthermore, the book discusses the consequences of Brexit - for the UK and the rest of the EU, for security in Europe, and for the transatlantic relationship, as well as for global trade relations and the competitiveness of Europe and the UK.

  • Die Anwendung der Beatmungstherapie ist komplex und umfassend. Hier finden Sie die wichtigsten Fakten zu Prinzipien der Beatmung, Einstellungen bei bestimmten Krankheitsbildern und Maßnahmen bei Komplikationen. Übersichtlich - praxisrelevant und auf das Wesentliche reduziert.

  • Franchisesysteme von Grund auf verstehen, systematisch aufbauen und für alle Beteiligten zum Erfolg machen ist ein komplexes Unterfangen. Wie das geht, erfahren Sie in diesem Buch. Die Autoren geben sowohl Franchisegebern als auch Franchisenehmern wertvolle Strategien und Tools für das Tagesgeschäft an die Hand und liefern Antworten auf grundlegende Fragen: Wie knnen verschiedene Franchisesysteme aus den unterschiedlichsten Perspektiven bewertet werden? Welche Rolle spielen Regelwerke und deren Inhalte dabei? Wie funktionieren die verschiedenen Prozesse und wie kann die Zusammenarbeit erfolgreich verlaufen? Extra: Direkt in den Arbeitsalltag integrierbare Werkzeuge und Mustervorlagen u.a. zu Mitbewerberanalysen, Dienstplänen, Personalaudits, Tages- und Umsatzplanungen helfen bei der praktischen Umsetzung.

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