Livres en VO

  • « Sugar beet - A competitive innovation » is a collective work which provides the context, the results and the perspectives of the `Investments for the Future Programme'. AKER aims to improve the competitiveness of sugar beet by 2020 by doubling the annual growth rate of its sugar yield per hectare.

  • Agroecology was chosen by INRAE as one of the interdisciplinary foresight projects aimed at identifying research fronts in response to major societal challenges. Eighty researchers drew up an assessment and proposed research avenues for agroecology. This book summarizes their main conclusions.

  • Les études sur la biodiversité ou la mise en oeuvre de la protection intégrée impliquent d'identifier les insectes ravageurs ou les ennemis naturels.

    Dans certains pays, la culture de plantes transgéniques résistantes aux chenilles, comme le cotonnier ou le maïs, risque d'entraîner une diminution de l'usage des traitements insecticides destinés à lutter contre ces ravageurs. Certaines familles de punaises comme les Pentatomidae et les Miridae sont ainsi devenues des ravageurs principaux. Il convient donc de mieux connaître ces ravageurs parfois considérés comme secondaires.

    Ce guide est destiné aux personnes oeuvrant sur le terrain, agriculteurs et professionnels de l'encadrement agricole. Ils y trouveront une description brève des principales espèces de punaises phytophages et prédatrices présentes en Afrique de l'Ouest, rencontrées essentiellement sur cotonnier, maïs, niébé (Vigna unguiculata), soja et sorgho.

  • This book presents a three-phase methodology for the efficient diagnosis of «dry dikes» (i.e. dykes built above normal water levels of the rivers that provide protection at time of flood). Although the principles of the method described herein were developed on dikes in France, they may be applied with confidence in other countries around the world. Phase one of the methodology involves gathering as much information as possible about the dike so as to ensure the high quality of the final diagnosis. The main aim of the second phase - the geophysical survey - is to divide up the dike into zones in order to identify sections of the structure that are vulnerable to irreversible damage during a flood. The third phase - the geotechnical investigation - consists of various tests and drillings that ascertain in situ the principal mechanical characteristics of the materials that make up the structure.
    This guide is invaluable for anyone involved in dike safety; notably owners, managers, engineers and contractors, and provides all the information required for effective dike diagnosis and for initiating more extensive work or more detailed study.

    Cyrille Fauchard is a researcher who specialises in the application of electromagnetism to civil engineering. He heads a research team that works with the Public Works Regional Engineering Office (CETE) in Rouen, France on the dielectric and non-destructive characterisation of subsurface and civil engineering materials.
    Patrice Mériaux is a research engineer in civil engineering and an expert in dam and dike safety. As head of the « Hydraulics engineering and hydrology » research unit at Cemagref in Aix-en-Provence, France, his work has focused on developing and enhancing diagnostic methods for earth dams and dikes.

  • Ce guide technique est destiné aux personnels des services ou structures impliqués dans l'exploitation des digues de protection contre les inondations dues aux crues de rivières.
    Il s'adresse à un public de techniciens et vise à vulgariser : les principes de fonctionnement d'un système d'endiguement, les risques encourus, les actions de surveillance, les actions d'entretien. Son ambition est de justifier et décrire l'ensemble des actions à entreprendre pour assurer sur le long terme la pérennité et la sécurité des ouvrages.
    Version en anglais.

  • Situated at the confluence of four climatic zones, oceanic, continental, Mediterranean and montane, metropolitan France includes the northern, southern or altitudinal margins of a large number of tree and pathogen species. French forests therefore offer a diversity of species and management options representative of temperate and Mediterranean European forests. This context is unique for analysing and simulating the effects of climate change on forests at the regional and subregional scales. The results presented in this book summarize the main findings of the CARBOFOR project, which brought together 52 scientists from 14 research units (INRA, CNRS, CEA, Météo-France, Universities of Paris-Sud and Orléans, IFN, CIRAD) to investigate the effects of future climate on the carbon cycle and the productivity and vulnerability of French forests.

    Forests, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change explains the current forest carbon cycle in temperate and Mediterranean climates, including the dynamics of soil carbon and the total carbon stock of French forests, based on forest inventories.
    It reviews and illustrates the main ground-based methods for estimating carbon stocks in tree biomass. Spatial variations in projected climate change over metropolitan France throughout the 21st century are described. The book then goes on to consider the impacts of climate change on tree phenology and forest carbon balance, evapotranspiration and production as well as their first order interaction with forest management alternatives.
    The impact of climate change on forest vulnerability is analysed and shows how the climate envelopes and geographical distribution of France´s main tree species will be affected by climate change. A similar simulation study was carried out for a range of pathogenic fungi, emphasizing the importance of both warming and precipitation changes. The consequences of climate change on the occurrence of forest fires and the forest carbon cycle in the Mediterranean zone are also considered.
    This book is a valuable reference for researchers and academics, forest engineers and managers, and graduate level students in forest ecology, ecological modelling and forestry.

  • Ce rapport quadriennal présente une sélection des travaux menés dans FRIEND pour la période 1994-1997. Il traite des principaux thèmes concernant les régimes hydrologiques des rivières, abordés selon des méthodes régionales : bases de données, apports, étiages, crues, fortes pluies, mais aussi processus physiques d'écoulement, tendances, hydrologie de la gestion intégrée des eaux. Les aspects internationaux de la recherche en hydrologie, y compris le fonctionnement en réseau de la recherche menée dans FRIEND, sont abordés. Cet ouvrage intéressera les hydrologues, les gestionnaires de l'eau mais aussi l'ensemble des scientifiques et spécialistes de l'environnement.

    Livre bilingue français/anglais